Looking for some basic help to get you started on your new cannabis journey? Well, look no more! We’ve compiled a crash course on what you need to go from dazed and confused to Cheech and Chong in no time.
Weed, pot, marijuana, Mary Jane…cannabis is known by many names. But, what is cannabis? Cannabis is a plant that produces flower, or bud, that contains the psychoactive cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in addition to 483 other compounds like CBD, CBG, & CBN.
Sativa - The Head High
A subspecies of cannabis, Cannabis Sativa is a tall and slender plant with long, thin leaves.
When smoked, Cannabis Sativa tends to produce a head high that promotes alertness, creativity, energy, and makes you feel uplifted and euphoric.
Sativa strains are best for daytime use.
Indica - The Body High
Another subspecies of cannabis, Cannabis Indica is a short, bushy plant with short, wide leaves.
When smoked, Cannabis Indica tends to produce a body high that promotes relaxation, rest, munchies, and soothes muscles.
Indica strains are best for nighttime use.
Cannabidiol - CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD), like THC, is one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis. Unlike THC however, CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it won’t get you high. CBD products are great for those looking to benefit from the wonders of cannabis without experiencing the intoxicating effects.
Also called the “nug” or the “bud”, flower refers the the part of the cannabis plant that you smoke.
Pre-rolls, joints, spliffs, and blunts are all terms for a rolled cannabis cigarette.
The highly potent product made from extracting THC and other chemical compounds from the cannabis plant. Oil, wax, dabs, rosin, resin, and shatter are all different forms of cannabis concentrate.
Edibles are snacks that have been infused with cannabis.
Vape cartridges are small devices filled with cannabis concentrate that are used with a vape battery.
Tinctures are cannabis extracts, normally alcohol based, that are taken sublingually or added to recipes.
What is rosin? Rosin is solvent-less extractthat uses heat and pressure to release the oils in the flower that can be smoked.
What is distillate? Distillate is highly refined oil that is run through many purification processes exposing it to heat and a deep vacuum. The result is a sticky honey-like oil. Terpenes are fractionated out separately and can be reintroduced.
What is THCA crystalline? THCA crystalline is a solid extract that goes through many processes and filters in order to destroy all plant matter. The results are clear crystals that can boast up to 99% THC.
What is nug run? Nug run is hash oil made from whole flower rather than shake and trim.
What is live resin? Live resin is extracted from cannabis that is frozen rather than cured before extracting and results in a higher quality product.
What is shatter? Shatter refers to the consistency of concentrate that is shelf stable, easy to work with, and breaks like glass when bent.
What is wax? Wax is a concentrate that is opaque and typically crumbly or peanut-butter like. It’s usually easy to scoop and good for beginners.
What is sugar wax? Sugar wax is a gritty sand-like oil that is easy to scoop unless it’s packed full of terpenes, then it might be a little soupy.
What is cannabis isolate? Isolate is THC concentrated down to its purest form.
RSO (Rick Simpson Oil)
What is RSO? RSO, short for Rick Simpson Oil, is a full plant extract, using all parts of the plant. RSO is made by soaking plant matter in alcohol. Afterward, the plant matter is filtered out. The resulting extract retains a tar-like appearance once the solvents have evaporated. RSO is usually consumed orally.
BHO (Butane Hash Oil)
What is BHO? BHO, short for Butane Hash Oil, is made by placing plant matter in a closed column, washing butane over it, and then recovering the solvent. The solvent pulls THC, CBD, and the terpenes. This is then poured out into a thin sheet and placed in a vacuum drying oven that removes any remaining solvents.
What is CO2 oil? CO2 oil comes from a supercritical fluid extraction that removes THC and terpenes from raw cannabis. This solvent and pressure are used to extract cannabinoids and terpenes. Using this solvent, the resulting extract is considered by many to be “cleaner” than butane or propane-derived extracts. This method results in a viscous, oily liquid. Moreover, this oil is frequently found in vaporizer pens and cartridges.
What does solvent-free mean? Solvent-free means that solvents were used but are fully purged out of the concentrate, like with distillate.
What does solventless mean? Solventless mean that no solvents were used at any time during the extraction, like with rosin, dry sift, bubble hash, or traditional hash.
What does it mean to decarboxylate weed? Decarboxylation is the process of converting the acid form (also called “inactive”) cannabinoids such as THCA to THC and CBDA to CBD. It is an essential part of the process if you wish to consume cannabis orally.
What is kief? Kief results from the separation trichomes from the marijuana plant. Kief is often referred to as dry sieve hash thanks to the use of screens to facilitate the extraction.
What is purging? Purging is the process of removing residual solvent from a concentrate.
What is a carb cap? A carb cap is a piece of glass, quartz, ceramic or titanium that is used to trap the air and activate non-vaporized oil when covered over the nail of a dab rig; Carb caps are commonly used for quartz bangers and titanium and ceramic domeless nails.
What is a terpene? Terpenes, sometimes referred to as “terps”, are aromatic compounds found in plants including cannabis. While only a handful make up a majority of most cannabis terpene profiles, there are over 100 different terpenes found in cannabis plants. Each cannabis strain has a unique terpene profile. As a result, different cannabis strains have different aroma/flavor profiles as well as different unique effects. That’s right, terpenes affect how you get high.
How do terpenes affect your high? Well, terpenes and other cannabinoids help THC absorb into the body more efficiently and promote a longer lasting high. Smoking pure THC with no other cannabinoids or terpenes present often leads to a short and shallow high. In addition to this, each terpene has it’s own unique effects on the body. To learn more in depth about what each terpene does, keep reading below.